Traumatology (from Greek "Trauma" meaning injury or wound), is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or violence to a person, and the surgical therapy and repair of the damage. Traumatology is a branch of medicine. It is often considered a subset of surgery and in countries without the specialty of trauma surgery it is most often a subspecialty to orthopedic surgery. Traumatology may also be known as accident surgery.
Wounds and injuries are assessed as being serious or not serious (a process known as triage) upon admission to a hospital's Casualty department (Accident and Emergency A and E in UK, Emergency Department ED in US). A wound is usually caused by mechanical force, or sometimes by chemical reactions as in the case of burns.
Factors in the assessment of wounds are:
Forensic physicians, as well as pathologists may also be required to examine wounds (traumas) on persons alive or deceased.
Traumatology can also refer to the study, development and application of counselling services for trauma victims.
Information on this page has been cited from Wikipedia.
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